Vlookup Errors – The Third Way

I’ve just published a post detailing a method of removing the errors returned by vlookup or hlookup utilising conditional formatting.

I had previously been using the double vlookup method to replace errors with blanks or zeros but then discovered that these excessive lookup functions had a tendency to bloat my spreadsheets.

While the conditional format method works, I can’t say that I particularly like it so I’ve been on the hunt for another method.

My first double lookup error hiding method looked like this:

=IF(ISERROR(VLOOKUP(L$7&$C13,’[WTE Apportionment Tables.xls]WTE APP TABLES SUB F’!$B:$K,9,0)),””,VLOOKUP(L$7&$C13,’[WTE Apportionment Tables.xls]WTE APP TABLES SUB F’!$B:$K,9,0))

and here’s method no 3 that feels somewhat neater:

=IF([WTE Apportionment Tables.xls]WTE APP TABLES SUB F’!$B:$K,L$7&$C13),VLOOKUP(L$7&$C13,’[WTE Apportionment Tables.xls]WTE APP TABLES SUB F’!$B:$K,9,0))

That’s a working formula but it is a bit confusing, so here’s a simpler example the syntax:

=IF(COUNTIF(A1:A10,”Some Value”),VLOOKUP(“Some Value”,A1:B10,2,FALSE),0)

The COUNTIF function is a logical function and will return TRUE or FALSE depending on whether “Some Value” is found in the range A1:A10. The IF function follows the format =IF(logical test, value if true, value if false). So if the COUNTIF function is TRUE the VLOOKUP will run, if it is FALSE the value 0 is returned.

Spreadsheet Efficiency: VLookup and Conditional Formatting to Remove Errors


I’ve started working at a new hospital and it seems to be plagued by unwieldy spreadsheets that have a tendency to crawl through saves and then sometimes refuse to open. They are riddled with links and lookups to external spreadsheets and the whole thing feels fairly precarious.

I’ve been reading a bit about good spreadsheet design with a view to whittling down the complexity and discovered that lookup functions are particularly demanding on the system.

Now I’m quite a sinner when it comes to the use of the double lookup function to remove errors such as #N/A and #DIV/0!

Here’s an example of such a formula that returns a blank if the first lookup function results in an error:

=IF(ISERROR(VLOOKUP(L$7&$C13,'[WTE Apportionment Tables.xls]WTE APP TABLES SUB F’!$B:$K,9,0)),””,VLOOKUP(L$7&$C13,'[WTE Apportionment Tables.xls]WTE APP TABLES SUB F’!$B:$K,9,0))

It works fine, but it doubles up the number of lookups that Excel needs to run through and for a large spreadsheet this can really slow down the performance.

It seems that conditional formatting is a suitable alternative but one that I’ve always ignored because I didn’t know how to structure the condition to work for errors.

I do now though and here’s how:


1. Select the range you wish to apply the format to.
2. Goto Format – Conditional Formatting
3. Select Formula Is in the drop down box
4. Type the formula =iserror(ref) where ref is the reference to the first cell selected in the range
5. Hit Format and select the font colour to be white
6. OK – finished the job

Conditional Format 2

My current spreadsheet hasn’t grown that large yet but nevertheless it had 7200 of the double vlookups in 18 columns, by removing the unnecessary error catching lookup I dropped the file size by 22%.

As the errors weren’t actually removed, I had to use an array formula to get the totals for the column but that was included in the space saving above.

The array formula for summing a range with error values:


NB. The curly brackets are achieved by entering the formula using CONTROL, SHIFT, ENTER.